Current Regulations

REGULATIONS CURRENTLY APPLICABLE IN THE PARK

Since the Coral sea natural park was created in April 2014, measures have been taken concerning the entire maritime space covered by the natural park. Current regulations are as follows : 

  • Shark, turtle and whale fishing are prohibited (creation of a whale sanctuary),
  • The number of ships is limited by the Maritime Resources Commission,
  • Monitoring of ships through fishing forms provided by ship-owners and satellites but also onboard personnel tasked with observing crew members, gathering information on catches, evaluating the state of pelagic ecosystems and estimating the stocks of fish for the Western and Central Pacific Fishing Commission. They are referred to as onboard observers,
  • The use of fishing tools referred to as « towed gear » ( trawls, seines, dredges, trolling lines) is strictly prohibited
  • Granting and renewal of fishing licenses under certain conditions only.

New regulations since august 2018 : 

  • All fishing is prohibited in the nature reserves
  • All access in nature reserves is subject to government authorization under strict conditions
Existing management measures.jpg
Classification of reserves in Entrecasteaux

DEEP-SEA FISHING MONITORING IN THE PARK

Fishing on board Pescana Résolu, DAM SPE

Deep-sea fishing is closely monitored in New Caledonia by a network of scientific and institutional partners. After a few difficult years, the deep-sea fishing industry has taken measures to try to become profitable thanks to the joint involvement of the aforementioned network and professionals from the industry.

Because the market remains narrow, professionals have been trying to find new exportation markets while diversifying local supplies. Despite its fragile balance, deep-sea fishing can be considered as an example of a sector on the road to success.

Fishing licenses are granted by the Government of New Caledonia. It should be noted that they are restricted to local vessels, the longliners. Once a vessel holds a fishing license in the Coral sea natural park, it must respect certain regulations    :      

  • All fishing campaigns are monitored in real time via satellite since 2005
  • Throughout the campaign, fishing forms documenting catches are filled out
  • Observers are onboard fishing-vesselse

A MONITORED ACTIVITY

Vessels authorized to fish in New Caledonia’s maritime space are subjected to satellite monitoring (VMS : Vessel Monitoring System).  This system put in place in early 2005 allows the real time monitoring of vessel movements when they are in the Natural Park of the Coral Sea.  Satellite complements other monitoring tools, notably fishing forms, by pointing out the gaps in statistics provided by ship-owners. 

Every ship-owner whose vessel holds a license and is authorized to fish must, for each campaign, provide statistics regarding its activity. These information (information on the ship, fishing effort, catches) are detailed on fishing forms whose format has been determined by the administration in charge. As far as the form format used for tuna fishing is concerned, it is developed by the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC) and the Forum Fisheries Agency (FFA), and it is used by member countries. Why use a set format for this form ? So that the information provided can be used to compile statistics for the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission. 

Fishing vessel at dock DAM/SPE

Fishing vessel at dock DAM/SPE

 Fishing boat during a fishing campaign in the Coral Sea Natural Park, DAM/SPE

Fishing boat during a fishing campaign in the Coral Sea Natural Park, DAM/SPE

REGULATION APPLICABLE AT ENTRECASTEAUX

Before the creation of the Coral sea natural park, measures had already been put in place to protect a part of New Caledonia’s maritime zone, notably the d’Entrecasteaux atolls, located North of New Caledonia. 

The measures concerning the d’Entrecasteaux protected area were put in place in July 2008, following its inclusion on UNESCO’s World Heritage List. Therefore, Fabre Island, Surprise Island and Huon Island are natural reserves. It is recommended to use the access trails to be able to discover these atolls without disturbing the local fauna. Leleizour Island and the vegetated part of Surprise Island have been declared wilderness areas, and are therefore closed to the public. Since august 2018, new regulations are decided and new marine wilderness areas have been created : the Pelotas atoll and Guilbert reefs.

Activities in the entire d’Entrecasteaux protected area are strictly regulated:

  • All Fishing is prohibited (including fishing for self-consumption)
  • Commercial access is subject to government authorization under strict conditions for tourist transport companies
  • Boaters if access authorized must send a declaration after the visit
  • Scientists access subject to authorization
Existing management measures at d'Entrecasteaux atolls.jpg
Classification of reserves in Entrecasteaux

REGULATION APPLICABLE AT CHESTERFIELD-BELLONA

The following are now classified as wilderness areas in North Chesterfield: Longue Island and its southern cay, the Passage islet, the North-East islet and Mouillage Island No. 1, and the Bampton, Reynard and Avon islets.

All are considered by scientists as the richest and most frequented by green turtles and seabirds. The site is a coral sanctuary where sharks abound and humpback whales come to mate, give birth and nurse their young.

    To Bellona, North-West Bellona, The Observatory, Olry and South Bellona are classified as wilderness areas.

     

    The rest of Chesterfield-Bellona now are classified in nature reserves.

    • All fishing is prohibited in the nature reserves
    • All access in nature reserves is subject to government authorization under strict conditions

     

     

    Classification of reserves in Chesterfield-Bellona
    Classification of reserves in Chesterfield-Bellona (c) GNC / SPE / juillet 2018

    REGULATION APPLICABLE AT PETRIE AND ASTROLABE

    The whole of Petrie and Astrolabe is classified as a wilderness area. Since 2014, the excellent condition of these reefs and lagoons, located several hours by sea from Ouvéa, is illustrated by the presence of many species of fish. Petrie holds the world record in terms of biomass density.

     

     

    Classification of reserves in Petrie and Astrolabe
    Classification of reserves in Petrie and Astrolabe (c) GNC / SPE / juillet 2018 I